The energy sector plays a critical role in the socio-economic development. Currently the energy sector in Kenya relies wholly on the importation of all petroleum requirements. Electricity, by virtue of its versatility in application, is crucial to the socio-economic development of the country and is the most sought after energy service by society. The available supply capacity currently is 1,279 MW comprising Hydro (738 MW), Thermal (345 MW), Geothermal (185 MW) and Mumias bagasse (115 MW).
The Rift Valley system, which bisects the KVDA area from North to South, is rich in geothermal energy potential. Evidence of these potentials are the numerous hot springs, particularly on the East side of the valley near Lake Bogoria, Solai, Kapedo and along the Suguta River. These potentials have been examined; reconnaissance and surface exploration have been done.