Mining Resources Description

The values of geological knowledge are many and varied; geological knowledge helps in the discovery of raw materials that underpin and sustain modern life, such as oil and gas, base and precious metal ores, discovery of construction materials, management and prediction of geological hazards and avoidance of environmental problems in the future.


Evaluation of human activity directly affecting and necessarily modifying the natural habitat through the construction of buildings, communication links, dams, underground excavations etc. Such activities can have a profound and irreversible effect on the use of indigenous natural resources, on the environment in general and on geology in particular, for example, dewatering, polluting discharges, underground storage, and land use. Geological characteristics also dictate soil types and the probability of aquifer formations.


The KVDA region is characterized by four dominant geological formations that include:
  • • Precambrian Basement system rocks referred to as the Mozambique Belt
  • • Tertiary volcanic rocks
  • • Quaternary volcanic rocks
  • • Quaternary to Recent sediments